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Development of Urdu Language
Urdu is likely one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from that, communities all around the world speak it. In total virtually 4 million folks, speak the Urdu language.
Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most essential of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the many soldiers of the British Military who belonged to different nations. The word 'Urdu' itself means'Military'.To communicate with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
However, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Truly, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In those instances, speaking Urdu turned one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by means of poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent had been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who tried Urdu poetry within the 13th century. It was a huge success. Nonetheless, for one more century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a significant boost to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas in their courts and used to pay month-to-month stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by means of prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not develop into a trend. The major reason is that the Royals have been by no means interested within the reading. Nonetheless, after the decline of Mughals and in the period of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become an enormous success. Even today the novel is popular and in demand. In reality, Deputy Nazir Ahmed may be called the first and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu through journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. The truth is, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with concentrate on the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It's needless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed loads to the mental awakening of the people of the subcontinent.
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